BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (BST) JSS2 THIRD TERM LESSON PLAN

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (BST) JSS2 THIRD TERM LESSON PLAN

WEEK: ONE
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

UNIT OF STORAGE IN COMPUTER

1.Unit of storage i.Nible
ii.Byte iii.Kilobyte iv.Megabyte iv.Gigabyte

2. Conversion from one unit to another 3.Differentiate between the unit of storage.

ACTIVITIES:

-Teacher leads students to convert from one unit to another. -Guides students to state the unit of storage and their values.

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WEEK: TWO
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

PLANE FIGURE (I)

1.Definition of plane figures 2.Identification of plane figures 3.Types of plane figure
4. Examples of plane figures.

ACTIVITIES:

-Explain the term plane figure –Name and illustrate the different plane figures
-Draw the plane figures.

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WEEK: THREE
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

PLANE FIGURE (II)

1.Constructions of regular plane figures eg (Triangles and rectangles of equal areas)
2. Construction of polygons.

ACTIVITIES:

-Guides student to construct regular plane figure. -Demonstrate

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WEEK: FOUR
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

WORK ENERGY AND POWER(II)

1.Use material eg. Ball, a stone for activity on the potential kinetic energy. 2. Lead student to illustrate potentials of kinetic energy.

3. Initiates and leads discussion to show that energy transfer occur when work is done.

ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Leads the students to solve some examples. Students: Study and practice solving problems.

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WEEK: FIVE
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

WORK ENERGY AND POWER(III)

1. Calculations involving energy i.e. energy transfer when work is done.
2. More calculations on energy transfer should be done.

ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Leads students to solve some example.
Student: Study and practice solving problems.

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WEEK: SIX
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

MATERIALS AND THEIR COMMON USES
1. Wood, furniture, building construction.

2.Handling of implements 3. Metals.

ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Display ceramics and rubber.
Student: Examines articles made of wood, ceramics, metal e.t.c

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WEEK: SEVEN
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

GEOMETRIC CONSTRUCTION

1.Circle
i. Definition of circle
ii. Part of circle e.g. diameter, radius, chord, sector e.t.c.

ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Demonstrate the construction of tangent and normal to a circle
Students: Construct a tangent and normal to a given circle.

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WEEK: EIGHT
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

GEOMETRIC CONSTRUCTION (I)

1. Circle drawing: uses of set squares, Tee squares and compasses to divide a circle into 4, 8, and 12 equal parts.
2. Construction of tangent and normal circle, tangent at a point „o‟ the circle, tangent from a point outside the circle and to one or two equal circles.

ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Names, defines, describe and draw the parts of a circle.
Students: Watch teacher‟s demonstration.

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WEEK: NINE
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

GRAPHIC PACKAGES

Meaning of graphic packages 2.Examples of graphic packages, paint, coral draw, instant artist e.t.c
3. Features: Tool bar, menu bar, printable area, color palette etc. (Practical activities for graphic packages.

ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Explains graphic packages
Student: Listen to teachers‟ explanation.

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WEEK: TEN
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

PAINT ENVIROMENT

1.The paint: Paint environment, paint tools and their functions (Practical‟s)

ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Explains the functions of the various tools.
Students: Draw and color simple objects using paint package.

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WEEK: ELEVEN
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

BELT AND CHAIN

1.Definition of belt and chain drives 2. Examples of belt and chain drives 3. Application of belt and chain drives

4. Advantages and disadvantages of chain drives and belt.

ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Moderate class discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of belt and chain drives.
Students: Prepare field trips report.

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WEEK: TWELVE
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

Revision

ACTIVITIES:

Revision

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BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (BST) JSS2 SECOND TERM LESSON PLAN

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (BST) JSS2 SECOND TERM LESSON PLAN

WEEK: ONE
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

ENERGY

1.Types of energy
a. Kinetic energy
b.Assumption
2.Explanationof some phenomena using kinetic theory

3Explanation of boiling and evaporation using kinetic theory.
4. Factors that affect evaporation.
6. Practical: measuring temperature using thermometer in boiling water.


ACTIVITIES:

Teacher; Guides students to carry out activities on boiling and evaporation and discuss findings. Students: Deduce the factors that affect evaporation from their observation.


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WEEK: TWO
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

THERMAL ENERGY

1.Heat flow
2.Heat
a. Transfer conduction
b.Convention and
c.Radiation
3.Practical using a spoon for instance for heat flow.


ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Guides students to illustrate thermal energy with activity
Student: Heat one end of iron rod while holding the other. The palm gets warm with time.

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WEEK: THREE
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

WORK ENERGY AND POWER(I)

1.Measuring work, energy and power 2. Measuring of potential and kinetic energy.
3. Calculation on work done.

4. Energy transfer when work is done.


ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Leads the students to solve examples.
Students: Study and practice solving similar problem


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WEEK: FOUR
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

WORK ENERGY AND POWER(II)

1. Use material e.g. Ball, a stone for activity on the potential kinetic energy.

2. Lead student to illustrate potentials of kinetic energy.
3. Initiates and leads discussion to show that energy transfer occur when work is done.

ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Leads the students to solve some examples. Students: Study and practice


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WEEK: FIVE
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

WORK ENERGY AND POWER(III)

1. Calculations involving energy i.e. energy transfer when work is done.
2. More calculations on energy transfer should be done.


ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Leads students to solve some example.
Student: Study and practice solving problems.


CLICK HERE TO ACCESS WEEK FIVE FULL LESSON PLAN

WEEK: SIX
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

MATERIALS AND THEIR COMMON USES
1. Wood, furniture, building construction.

2.Handling of implements 3. Metals.


ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Display ceramics and rubber.
Student: Examine articles made of wood, ceramics, metal e.t.c


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WEEK: SEVEN
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

GEOMETRIC CONSTRUCTION

1.Circle
i. Definition of circle
ii. Part of circle e.g. diameter, radius, chord, sector e.t.c


ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Demonstrate the construction of tangent and normal to a circle
Students: Construct a tangent and normal to a given circle.


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WEEK: EIGHT
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

GEOMETRIC CONSTRUCTION (I)

1. Circle drawing: uses of set squares, Tee squares and compasses to divide a circle into 4, 8, and 12 equal parts.
2. Construction of tangent and normal circle, tangent at a point „o‟ the circle, tangent from a point outside the circle and to one or two equal circles.

ACTIVITIES:
 

Teacher: Names, defines, describe and draw the parts of a circle.
Students: Watch teacher‟s demonstration.


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WEEK: NINE
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

GRAPHIC PACKAGES

Meaning of graphic packages 2.Examples of graphic packages, paint, corel draw, instant artist e.t.c
3. Features: Tool bar, menu bar, printable area, color palette etc. (Practical activities for graphic packages.

ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Explains graphic packages
Student: Listen to teachers‟ explanation.


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WEEK: TEN
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

PAINT ENVIROMENT

1.The paint: Paint environment, paint tools and their functions (Practical)

ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Explains the functions of the various tools.
Students: Draw and color simple

objects using paint package.

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WEEK: ELEVEN
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

BELT AND CHAIN

1.Definition of belt and chain drives 2. Examples of belt and chain drives 3. Application of belt and chain drives

4. Advantages and disadvantages of chain drives and belt.

ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Moderate class discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of belt and chain drives.
Students: Prepare field trips report.

CLICK HERE TO ACCESS WEEK ELEVEN FULL LESSON PLAN

WEEK: TWELVE
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

Revision

ACTIVITIES:

Revision

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BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (BST) JSS2 FIRST TERM LESSON PLAN

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (BST) JSS2 FIRST TERM LESSON PLAN

WEEK: ONE
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

LIVING THINGS (I)

1.Habitat and examples
2.Adaptation of living things to their habitat
3. Relationship between organisms in the same habitat.

ACTIVITIES:

Take student to visit different habitats.

WEEK: TWO
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

LIVING THINGS (II)

1. Uniqueness of human beings. Measurement of growth and

developmental changes
3.Growth changes in height, weight and size
4. Characteristics features of different developmental features.
5. Classification of growth and developmental changes.

ACTIVITIES:

Follow teacher‟s instructions to carry out listed measurement

 

WEEK: THREE
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

FIRST AID AND SAFETY EDUCATION (I) 1. Meaning of first aid
2.Contenst of a good “First Aid Box” 3.Application of simple first aid 4.Qualities of good First Aider

ACTIVITIES:

-Inspects the First Aid box and name the contents.
-Explains ABC of First Aid

WEEK: FOUR
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

FIRST AID AND SAFETY EDUCATION (II)
1.Definition of accident and injuries
2. Safety measures at home play ground, on the road.

3.Sport injuries
4.Domestic accidents
5.Road accidents and First Aid
6. Measures of preventing spots injuries, domestic injuries and road traffic injuries.

ACTIVITIES:

-Practice simple First Aid -Show posters of application of ABC of First Aid

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WEEK: FIVE
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

RESCUE OPERATION

1.Meaning of rescue operations 2.Different aspects of rescue operation 3.Securing the environment vehicle and victims
4Steps involved in rescue operations.

ACTIVITIES:

-Explain the meaning of rescue operation.
-Using pictures of recue scenes, leads student to identify different aspects of rescue operation.

 

WEEK: SIX
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

COMPUTER ETHICS AND SAFETY MEASURES
1. Responsible uses of Computer and internet.

2.Abiuse and misuse of Computer 3.Safety measures
-sitting posture
-using anti-glare protector e.t.c

 

ACTIVITIES:

Guides students on identify ways of using
-Computer
-Internet

-Write a note on the board

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WEEK: SEVEN
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

CHEMICAL (I)

1.Measuring chemicals 2.Classes of chemical

-based on use
-base on hazardous nature
3.Safety measure when using chemical

WEEK: EIGHT
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

CHEMICALS (II)

1. Guide students to identify hazardous chemicals.
2.Demonstrate the use of some devices when handling chemical

ACTIVITIES:

-Display samples of chemicals to class.
-Match chemical with appropriate storage containers

WEEK: NINE
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

PERSONAL SCHOOL AND COMMUNITY HEALTH
1.Meaning of school health programme 2. Meaning of personal health and community health.

3Components of school health programmes
4.Types of environment pollution 5.Effect of personal health 6.Preventive measures

7.Fresh approach to school health programmes.

ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Explains the concept of school health
Student: Listen attentively to teacher‟s explanation.

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WEEK: TEN
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AND THEIR PREVENTION 1.Meaning of non-communicable diseases

2.Nature of:
-Sickle cell
-Obesity
-Asthma
-Anemia
-Kwashiorkor e.t.c
3. Preventive measures.

ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Describe the nature of sickle cell, obesity, Asthma e.t.c Students: Recall what they have learnt about non-communicable diseases such as sickle cell, obesity, asthma e.t.c

WEEK: ELEVEN
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

POSTURE AND POSTURAL DEFECTS
1. Meaning of posture and postural defects.
2.Kinds of postures e.g. Sitting, standing, walking, lifting e.t.c
3.Postural defects e.g. Kyphosis, lordosis, scoliosis, flat feet, bow leg e.t.c 4. Explain the causes of postural defects.

ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Demonstrates appropriate posture in sitting, standing, lifting.
Students: Explains causes of postural defects.

 

WEEK: TWELVE
TOPIC/CONTENTS:

COMPUTER SOFT WARE OPERATING SYSTEN (I)
1. Definition and examples of soft ware. 2.Definition of an operating system 3.Types of software
4.Functions of operating system.

ACTIVITIES:

Teacher: Guides students to describe Computer system Student: Boot the Computer and identify types of software in the system

 

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECH PRIMARY 4 THIRD TERM LESSON PLAN

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECH PRIMARY 4 THIRD TERM LESSON PLAN

 

 

Week 1                                                          Lesson

Date:

Class: G. G 2

Time:                                                             Period(s):

Duration: 35 minutes

Subject: BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Topic: CHARACTERISTICS OF ANIMALS AS LIVING THINGS

Sub-topic:

Instructional material/teaching aids: A chart showing the seven characteristics of animals

Specific objective(s): At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to

(a) List the characteristics of animals

(b) Explain reproduction, respiration and irritability

(c) Describe excretion, movement, nutrition and growth

Previous knowledge: The pupils have been the characteristics as higher animals

Introduction: The teacher introduces the lesson thus: In our environment we have both living and non living things. All living things have seven characteristics

Presentation: The teacher presents the lesson in the following steps thus:

Step i: The teacher lists the characteristics of animals:

  1. Reproduction
  2. Respiration

iii. Irritability

  1. Excretion
  2. Nutrition
  3. Growth

vii. Movement

Step ii: The teacher explains reproduction, respiration and irritability:

  1. Reproduction: this is when living things reproduce their kind
  2. Respiration: respiration is the process where living things take in air as oxygen and bring out carbon (iv)oxide.
  3. Irritability: this is the ability of living things to respond to changes in its environment.

Step iii: The teacher describes excretion, movement, nutrition and growth

  1. Excretion: this is the removal of waste products from the body of a living thing
  2. Movement: this is the change of position. Animals move from place to place in search of food.
  3. Nutrition: this describes how living things take in food and digests it for energy.
  4. Growth: this is increase in size and number.

Evaluation: The teacher evaluates the lesson by asking the following questions thus:

(a) List the characteristics of animals

(b) Explain reproduction, respiration and irritability

(c) Describe excretion, movement, nutrition and growth

Conclusion: The teacher concludes the lesson by summarizing the main points of the lesson thus: In our environment we have both living and non living things. All living things have seven characteristics

Assignment:

List the seven characteristics of living things. Explain any three

Reference(s): Goggle word search and STAN Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools, Book 3

 

 

 

Week 2                                                          Lesson

Date:

Class: G. G 2

Time:                                                             Period(s):

Duration: 35 minutes

Subject: BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Topic: PACKAGED WATER

Sub-topic:

Instructional material/teaching aids: Samples of various packaged water

Specific objective(s): At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to

(a) Define packaged water

(b) Mention some names of packaged water in Nigeria

(c) State the reasons for packaging water

Previous knowledge: The pupils have been drinking packaged water

Introduction: The teacher introduces the lesson by using the samples of packaged water to show them examples as the teacher supervises it

Presentation: The teacher presents the lesson in the following steps thus:

Step i: Packaged water is water that has been collected, treated and sealed for safe drinking.

Step ii:

Step iii: Reasons for packaging water

  • To prevent contamination
  • To make water easily available
  • It is convenient

Evaluation: The teacher evaluates the lesson by asking the following questions thus:

(a) Define packaged water

(b) Mention some names of packaged water in Nigeria

(c) State the reasons for packaging water

Conclusion: The teacher concludes the lesson by summarizing the main points of the lesson thus: Packaged water is water that has been collected, treated and sealed for safe drinking.

Assignment:

(a) Define packaged water

(b) State two reasons for packaging water

Reference(s): Goggle word search and STAN Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools, Book 3

 

 

 

 

Week 3                                                          Lesson

Date:

Class: G. G 2

Time:                                                             Period(s):

Duration: 35 minutes

Subject: BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Topic: SWIMMING

Sub-topic:

Instructional material/teaching aids: A chart showing basic skills in swimming

Specific objective(s): At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to

(a) Define swimming

(b) State the basic skills in swimming

(c) State the fastest skill in swimming

Previous knowledge: The pupils have an idea about swimming

Introduction: The teacher introduces the lesson by guiding the pupils on the definition of swimming

Presentation: The teacher presents the lesson in the following steps thus:

Step i:

Step ii:

  1. Breast stroke
  2. Front crawl
  3. Back crawl
  4. Butterfly or free- style.

Step iii:

The fastest skill is the breast stroke and the easiest is the back crawl because it allows breathing.

Evaluation: The teacher evaluates the lesson by asking the following questions thus:

(a) Define swimming

(b) State the basic skills in swimming

(c) State the fastest skill in swimming

Conclusion: The teacher concludes the lesson by summarizing the main points of the lesson

Assignment:

  1. Define swimming
  2. State one reason why you would like to swim
  3. State styles in swimming

Reference(s): Goggle word search and STAN Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools, Book 3

 

 

 

Week 4                                                          Lesson

Date:

Class: G. G 2

Time:                                                             Period(s):

Duration: 35 minutes

Subject: BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Topic: SWIMMING

Sub-topic: Safety Rules

Instructional material/teaching aids: A chart showing

Specific objective(s): At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to

(a) Define safety rules

(b) State the safety rules for swimming

(c) Give other safety rules for swimming

Previous knowledge: The pupils have been taught the meaning of swimming

Introduction: The teacher introduces the lesson by guiding the pupils on safety rules in swimming

Presentation: The teacher presents the lesson in the following steps thus:

Step i: Safety rules are the things the swimmer should do before, during and after swimming. Keeping safety rules would save the swimmer from drowning. To drown is to die in water.

Step ii: The teacher states safety rules for swimming: Safety rules for swimming

  1. Shower to get the body ready entering the swimming pool.
  2. Do some warm-ups to get the body ready for swimming
  3. Do not swim immediately after a meal
  4. Do not enter the pool until instructed to do so

Step iii: The teacher gives other safety rules in swimming thus:

  1. Do not enter the pool until instructed to do so.
  2. Make sure a life guard is present before entering the pool
  3. Until you have learnt to swim, always stay in the depth where the water is not more than your height.

Evaluation: The teacher evaluates the lesson by asking the following questions thus:

(a) Define safety rules

(b) State the safety rules for swimming

(c) Give other safety rules for swimming

Conclusion: The teacher concludes the lesson by summarizing the main points of the lesson thus: Safety rules are the things the swimmer should do before, during and after swimming. Keeping safety rules would save the swimmer from drowning. To drown is to die in water.

Assignment:

State four safety rules of swimming.

Reference(s): Goggle word search and STAN Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools, Book 3

 

Week 5                                                          Lesson

Date:

Class: G. G 2

Time:                                                             Period(s):

Duration: 35 minutes

Subject: BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Topic: GAMES

Sub-topic: Basic skill in football

Instructional material/teaching aids: A chart showing a football pitch

Specific objective(s): At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to

(a) Define football

(b) List the basic skills in football

(c) Explain the basic skills in football

Previous knowledge: The pupils have been playing football and also watching football

Introduction: The teacher introduces the lesson by guiding the pupils on the meaning of football

Presentation: The teacher presents the lesson in the following steps thus:

Step i: Football is a game in which players try to kick around leather object into each other’s goal post to score a point. It is also called soccer. Football is played between two teams with eleven players in each team.

Step ii: The teacher lists the basic skills in football:

  1. Passing
  2. Throwing

iii. Trapping

  1. Heading

Step iii: The teacher explains the basic skills in football

  1. Passing- passing is when a player hits or kicks the ball hard to his/her teammate during the game.
  2. Trapping – This is the stopping and controlling the movement of the ball during the game. Trapping of the game is done with either of both feet.
  3. Throwing – is the putting the ball back to play when the ball has gone out of the field (outside the line). To throw the ball, the player picks the ball from outside the field; stands behind the touch line, and with both hands throw the ball over the head into the field by bending backwards. The team that plays the ball out leaves the throwing for the opponents.
  4. Heading –this is when the head is used to hit the incoming ball. It makes the ball to go far and fast in a particular direction. A player could jump high to meet and hit the ball with any side of the head during the game

Evaluation: The teacher evaluates the lesson by asking the following questions thus:

(a) Define football

(b) List the basic skills in football

(c) Explain the basic skills in football

Conclusion: The teacher concludes the lesson by summarizing the main points of the lesson thus: Football is a game in which players try to kick around leather object into each other’s goal post to score a point. It is also called soccer. Football is played between two teams with eleven players in each team.

Assignment:

  1. How many players in a team play the game of football?
  2. list the skills involved in the game of football

Reference(s): Goggle word search and STAN Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools, Book 3

 

Week 6                                                          Lesson

Date:

Class: G. G 2

Time:                                                             Period(s):

Duration: 35 minutes

Subject: BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Topic: BASIC SKILLS IN TENNIS

Sub-topic:

Instructional material/teaching aids: A chart showing a tennis field

Specific objective(s): At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to

(a) Define tennis

(b) State the basic skills in tennis

(c) Explain the basic skills in tennis

Previous knowledge: The pupils have been

Introduction: The teacher introduces the lesson by a

Presentation: The teacher presents the lesson in the following steps thus:

Step i: Tennis is a game that requires hitting the ball with a racket over the net. All you need for the game of tennis is a racket, a pair of shoes and balls.

Step ii: The teacher states the basic skills in tennis:

  1. Western forehand grip: forehand grip is made by swinging the arm, moving alongside and away from the body before swinging forward to play the ball.
  2. Semi-western grip:
  3. Eastern forehand grip
  4. Two handed backhand grip

Step iii: The teacher explains the basic skills in tennis:

  • Forehand drive: forehand grip is made by swinging the arm, moving alongside and away from the body before swinging forward to play the ball.
  • Backhand drive: this is made by swinging the arm, taking the racket back across the front side of the body before swinging forward to play the ball.
  • Serve: this is done by tossing the ball high and swinging the racket using a throwing shot.

Evaluation: The teacher evaluates the lesson by asking the following questions thus:

(a) Define tennis

(b) State the basic skills in tennis

(c) Explain the basic skills in tennis

Conclusion: The teacher concludes the lesson by summarizing the main points of the lesson thus: Tennis is a game that requires hitting the ball with a racket over the net. All you need for the game of tennis is a racket, a pair of shoes and balls.

Assignment:

List the basic skills in tennis

Explain any two basic skills in tennis

Reference(s): Goggle word search and STAN Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools, Book 3

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECH PRIMARY 4 SECOND TERM LESSON PLAN

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECH PRIMARY 4 SECOND TERM LESSON PLAN

Week 1                                                          Lesson

Date:

Class: G. G 4

Time:                                                             Period(s):

Duration: 35 minutes

Subject: BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Topic: ACID AND BASE

Sub-topic:

Instructional material/teaching aids: Sample of litmus paper and acid

Specific objective(s): At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to

(a) Define acid

(b) State the types of acids

(c) State the physical properties and uses of acid

Previous knowledge: The pupils have been

Introduction: The teacher introduces the lesson by guiding the pupils on the definition of acid

Presentation: The teacher presents the lesson in the following steps thus:

Step i: Acids are substances which are capable of changing blue litmus paper to red.

Step ii: Acids are of two main types, namely:

  1. Organic Acid: They occur naturally and examples are:
  2. Lactic Acid (In milk)
  3. Citric Acid (In unripe orange, lemon and lime)

iii. Methanoic Acid (In bees and Red Ants)

  1. Amino Acids (In protein)
  2. Ethanoic Acid (In vinegar)
  3. Fatty Acids (In fats and oil)

vii. Ascorbic Acid (In oranges)

viii. Tartaric Acid

  1. Inorganic Acid: These don’t occur in nature, they are made in the laboratory. Examples are:
  2. Hydrochloric Acid (HCl)
  3. Sulphuric Acid (Tetraoxosulphate (vi) H2SO4

iii. Nitric Acid. (Trioxonitrate (v) (HNO3)

  1. Carbonic Acid (Trioxocarbonate (iv) HCO3

Step iii: PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF ACIDS

  • They turn blue litmus paper red (This is the major test for acids)
  • They have sour taste
  • Concentrated acids are corrosive and can damage plastics and metals
  • They neutralize bases to form salt and water
  • They react with bases to form salt and water

USES OF ACIDS

  • They are used in the laboratory to produce other chemicals
  • Sulphuric acid is used in car batteries, making detergents and fertilizers
  • They can be used to make salt, when reacted with bases
  • Hydrochloric acid is used for processing leather and cleaning metals

Evaluation: The teacher evaluates the lesson by asking the following questions thus:

(a) Define acid

(b) State the types of acids

(c) State the physical properties and uses of acid

Conclusion: The teacher concludes the lesson by summarizing the main points of the lesson thus: Acids are substances which are capable of changing blue litmus paper to red.

Assignment: 1. Define acid

  1. State two examples each for organic and inorganic acids
  2. Give two physical properties of acids
  3. List two uses of any named acid and two other general uses

Reference(s): Goggle word search and STAN Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools, Book 2

 

 

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