CIVIC EDUCATION PRIMARY 4 FIRST TERM LESSON PLAN SCHEME OF WORK

Lesson Notes / Scheme of work

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CIVIC EDUCATION PRIMARY 4 FIRST TERM LESSON PLAN SCHEME OF WORK

CIVIC EDUCATION PRIMARY 4 FIRST TERM LESSON PLAN SCHEME OF WORK

PRY 4 CIVIC IST TERM ENOTE

Week: 1st

Class: primary 4

Topic: Our values

Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson pupils should be able to explain the following Concepts:

(a) Meaning of cultural diversity

(b) Developing right attitude to cultural diversity e.g. respect other people’s ways of life, honesty and tolerance

Instructional material/Reference material: Text book, charts and pictures.

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge: Pupils are familiar with the topic.

Content:

CULTURAL DIVERSITY

 

Cultural diversity means differences in our ways of life. The differences in our ways of life could be in the areas of marriage, religion, feeding, language, greetings, tradition, etc. Our attitude towards cultural diversity must be in the following ways:

  1. We must learn to tolerate other people’s ways of life i.e. their culture.
  2. We must respect their ways of life.
  3. We must accept them.
  4. We must appreciate the good qualities in our different cultures.
  5. We need to mix with people who hold different views and who have different cultural backgrounds.

Evaluation:

  1. What is cultural diversity?

Week: 2nd

Class: primary 4

Topic: Respect for other people’s culture

Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson pupils should be explained respect for other people’s values in relation to:

(a) Importance of listening to other people’s view

(b) How can we respect other people’s views, beliefs and traditions.

(c) What do we gain by listening to other people’s views, e.g. harmony, peace, tolerance.

Instructional material/Reference material: Textbook, charts and pictures.

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge: Pupils are familiar with the topic.

Content:

Respect for other people’s values

Why we must listen to other people’s views

We must listen to other people’s views because for the following reasons:

  1. We may learn certain things from the views of other people.
  2. It will help us to avoid making wrong decisions or judgement about others.
  3. It will help us to relate with understanding with others.
  4. We need to listen to others because they are also human beings.
  5. They are citizens of our country or another country.
  6. Other people have a right to express their views, which may be different from our own.
  7. We could share ideas.
  8. We must show that we consider other people’s views important.
  9. It will make them feel accepted in our midst.

 

Reasons why we must respect other people’s views, beliefs and tradition

The following are some of the reasons why we must respect other people’s views, beliefs and traditions:

  1. There will be peace and harmony in society because conflicts and misunderstandings will be avoided.
  2. People will feel safe and happy in society.
  3. There will be peaceful co-existence in the community.
  4. There will be cooperation and friendliness among the citizens.
  5. The government will be able to perform its duties when there is peace in society.
  6. People will be able to live without fear in any part of the country.
  7. Citizens will be free to work without fear in any part of Nigeria no matter where they come from.
  8. It gives us an opportunity to learn from one another.
  9. The basic law of our country (the Constitution) allows everybody to practise the religion of their choice. It is therefore their right to hold any religious belief.
  10. Religious crises will be avoided if we respect other people’s religious beliefs and traditions.

How to respect other people’s views, beliefs and traditions

It is important to respect other people’s views, beliefs and traditions. Nigeria is a large country made up of many ethnic groups with different cultural backgrounds. These cultural groups have their own beliefs and traditions. We live together in the same community and work together too. At times we attend schools together in spite of our differences. We therefore need to respect other people’s beliefs and traditions if we are to live peacefully with one another. We can do this in the following ways:

  1. Tolerance: There is a need to make room for our differences. It will be easy to tolerate and be friends with other people who are not like us when we understand that we cannot all hold the same religious and traditional beliefs.
  2. Understanding: There will be peace if we show understanding. We should accept other people the way they are, instead of emphasizing the differences between us.
  3. Appreciating differences: We respect other people’s views, beliefs and traditions if we appreciate the good qualities which are in these beliefs and traditions.
  4. Learning about the differences: We can show respect by deliberately showing interest in learning about the views, religious beliefs and traditions which are different from ours.

Evaluation

  1. How can you respect and tolerate other people’s culture?
  2. Why must we listen to other people’s views?
  3. Give four reasons why we must respect and tolerate other people’s views, beliefs and traditions.

Week: 3rd

Class: primary 4

Topic: Community leadership

Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson pupils should be able to:

  1. a) Define community leadership e.g. Oba, Emir or Eze
  2. b) List the duties of traditional rulers.

Instructional material/Reference material: Textbook, Charts and pictures

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge: Pupils are familiar with the topic

Content:

Community Leadership

Traditional leadership

Every home, school or society has a person who controls and directs the affairs of the people. In our classroom, there is a class captain or class monitor who ensures that there is peace. The person who directs and controls others is therefore a leader.

In our local communities, where the customs and traditions of the people form the basic way of life, there is also somebody who is in charge of the affairs of the people based on the customs and tradition. The person is the head and therefore, the leader.

Traditional leadership, therefore, means leadership based on the customs and traditions of the people. When a person controls a group of people according to tradition and customs, such a person is called the traditional leader or ruler.

Examples of traditional leaders in our society are the Emir of Kano, Oba of

Lagos, Alaafin of Oyo, Obi of Onitsha, and Olu of Ikeja.

 

Duties of traditional rulers

Traditional rulers perform the following duties:

  1. They maintain the traditional laws and customs of the people. They ensure that such customs do not die.
  2. They are the custodians of the customs and traditions of the people.

They are a symbol of the customs and traditions of the people.

  1. They maintain peace in their communities.
  2. They help to unite the people living in their domain, to ensure peace.
  3. They settle disputes or disagreements among the people in their domain.
  4. They organise their people and community in self-help projects for the development of their community.

A traditional leader holding a meeting with his people

Evaluation

  1. Who is a traditional leader?
  2. Write two names of traditional leaders in your community.
  3. List three duties of a traditional ruler.
  4. Give four reasons why traditional leadership is important.

 

Week: 4th

Class: primary 4

Topic: Communalism

Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson pupils should be able to:

  1. a) Define communalism
  2. b) List ways by which we promote the spirit of communalism e.g. togetherness, love, co-operation, dialogue, sharing.

Instructional material/Reference material: Textbook, charts and pictures

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic.

Content:

Communalism

Communalism is a system in which members of a community come together and do things collectively in the interest of the community. Communalism exists in our traditional societies, where assistance or help is given to individual members of the community. In a communal society, there is a high level of togetherness and unity. Harmony is a strong feature of such a community. Progress, peace and love can also be clearly seen in that type of society.

Attributes of communalism

The following are the attributes of communalism. That is, these are the things you will see in a communal society:

 

  1. Togetherness: This means doing things collectively as one body for the interest of all.
  2. Love: In a communal society, there is love and deep interest for one another.

The people protect the interests of one another.

  1. Co-operation: People work together, helping each other, in order to achieve the goals of the community.
  2. Justice and fair play: In a communal society, the principle of justice and fair play exists. It means people are treated fairly when matters concerning them and other members of society are handled.
  3. Sharing: Members of a communal society see themselves as one, and, because of the love in the community, they share things with one another.
  4. Dialogue: Issues affecting the community are discussed before decisions are taken in the best interest of all.

Evaluation

  1. How can the spirit of communalism be promoted in our society?

Week: 5th

Class: primary 4

Topic: Types of Government

Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson pupils should be able to explain the

  1. a) Meaning of government e.g. traditional form of government, constitutional (a presidential or parliamentary form of government

Instructional material/Reference material: Textbook, charts and pictures

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge: Pupils are familiar with the topic.

Content:

Types of Government

These are various forms of government. Some of them are:

Traditional government

This is a form of government that is controlled or headed by a traditional ruler. Traditional leaders are the custodians of local traditions and customs. Therefore, their government is based on the traditions and customs of the people of their area. Traditional government or leadership began a long time ago when people began to live together in communities and possess common culture and tradition. Traditional rulers in different parts of our country, Nigeria are known by some titles such as Obi, Eze, Igwe – Igboland

Oba, Baale – Yorubaland

Emir – Hausaland

Before the colonisation of Nigeria by the British, traditional rulers ruled in all parts of the country and had a lot of power. However after the

Evaluation:

  1. Define traditional government
  2. Mention ten traditional leaders in your community

Week: 6th

Class: primary 4

Topic: Difference between the traditional and constitutional forms of government

Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson pupils should be able to differentiate between the traditional and constitutional forms of government.

Instructional material/Reference material: Textbook, Charts and pictures

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic.

Content:

Differences between traditional and constitutional forms of government

Constitutional form of government

  1. There is a fixed tenure of office. It means there is a definite period of time the government will spend. It could be four or five years.
  2. This government rules according to the provisions of the constitution. It is what the law of the land says that the government must follow when in Power
  3. Government i.e. the president, prime minister, and governors are elected by the people. They come to power through periodic elections–– elections are held at regular periods.
  4. The government can also be removed by the people through elections.
  5. This is a modern form of government.

The traditional form of government

  1. This government has no fixed tenure. Rulership in this form of government is hereditary. The position is transferred from parents to children and from generation to generation.
  2. This government rules according to the tradition and customs of the people. For instance, legal limitations to the powers of the monarch did not exist in ancient times, but they do in modern constitutional government.
  3. Most traditional governments are dynasties. Only people from a particular family can have claim to the throne, i.e become rulers.
  4. The king or monarch may not leave the throne except through death or abdication, i.e. being forced to leave, which was not common in those days.
  5. It is perhaps the oldest form of government.

Evaluation:

  1. Explain the meaning of government.
  2. Explain the traditional form of government.
  3. What is a constitutional form of government?
  4. Identify three differences between the traditional and constitutional forms.

Lesson Notes

Primary School lesson notes, all subjects.

Lesson notes

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