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Second Term e lesson note for Basic four

Table of content






Responsibilities of every member of the family


Civic value


National Consciousness


National consciouness




Consequences of ethnicity


Solutions to problems of ethnicity


Constituted authority


Responsibilities of constituted authority


Responsibilities of constituted authority

Class:- Basic 4

Subject:- Civic Education

Week:- 2

Topic: Responsibilities of every member of the family

Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to define responsibilities and list the responsibilities of each member of the family.

Instructional material/Reference material:-  Macmillian Civic Education for primary school book 4

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students are familiar with the roles of each member of the family


Responsibilities of every member of the family

Family members must live together in peace and harmony. To achieve this, each member of the family must be aware of the duties and responsibilities expected of him. He should be able to do his work and at the same time be willing to do it. The distribution of household chores depends on the age, sex, and health of every member.

Role of a Father

The father is the breadwinner and chief provider of the family. He makes the major family decisions together with mother and with the help of other members. This is the traditional role of the father. Today, this role has been changed as to include other responsibilities. Aside from being a breadwinner, he also participates actively in managing the household and helps caring for the children like bringing them to school, attending school meetings, and shopping with them. He does gardening, do home repairs, and even help mother marketing and preparation of family meals.

Role of a Mother

The mother is the manager and treasurer of the family. She supervises and coordinates the household tasks, takes care of the children, prepares the family budget, plans and prepares the family meals. Today, mothers also help earn a living to increase the family income.

The responsibilities of parents to their children and wards include the following:

  1. Feeding. Parents are to provide food for their children and wards so that they don’t go hungry.

  2. Clothing. Parents are to clothe their children and wards.

  3. Shelter. It is the duty of parents to provide a home where the children and wards will live.

  4. Protection. The parents should make their children and wards feel safe and secure. They should be protected.

  5. Education. Parents are to educate their children and wards by paying their school fees and buying them books to use in school.

  6. Moral education/training. Parents are to train their children morally. They should teach them social rules or polite behavior in society.

  7. Religious upbringing. It is the responsibility of parents to bring their children up in the nurture and fear of God. The discharge of religious responsibility by parents is important, as this will help to make the child behave in a socially acceptable way.

8 Guidance and counseling. Parents are the first guidance counselors to their children. They should guide the child on what to do, based on their own experience and training over the years. Children depend on their parents for guidance, so as to avoid making costly mistakes that can adversely affect their future

Girl Siblings roles

The girls help the mother in doing the household chores. These include dusting and sweeping, preparing the meals, setting and clearing the table, doing errands, and going to the market with mother. The older girls attend to additional shores, like washing, ironing clothes and taking care of younger brothers and sisters.

Boy siblings’ roles

The boys are usually assigned the heavy work in the house. This includes scrubbing the floor, fetching water, planting and watering the plants, cleaning the yard, and doing errands. Carpentry work is assigned to older boys who can help father in making repairs in the house.

The responsibilities of children to their parents include the following:

1 They run errands for their parents.

2 They assist in doing household chores, such as washing of plates, sweeping the house cleaning the pieces of furniture, and cleaning the toilet.

3 They look after their younger ones, especially when their parents are busy or not available.

4 Children must be obedient to their parents, otherwise the sound training that should form the foundation of their lives, will be missing, and the children may grow up not being useful to themselves, let alone the country

Changes in family roles nowadays

Nowadays, father and mother, as well as girls and boys in the family, share in almost all the house works. There are times that girls do the gardening while boys help in cooking and taking care of younger brothers and sisters. There are times when father takes care of the house while mother has to do some work outside the house.

The home activities of one family may differ from those of other families. The difference may depend on the size and income of the family. Big families mean more members to share the household chores. Families with big income can afford to hire outside help who can do most of the household task. Families with small income have to distribute the household task among members.

A schedule of homemaking tasks is an effective tool that will ensure participation of the family members in household task during their free time. The schedule is also a reminder for every member on what they are expected to do and accomplish at home every day. The schedule should be flexible. It can also include the date when the work is to be done by members to avoid confusion.


Performing the roles expected of each member can lead to family harmony and happiness. Each member must also be considerate, helpful, and respectful toward each other. Each member must also be aware that he is different from other in terms of character traits, intelligence, and physical strength. Recognizing these differences help the family members understand one another.


  1. Performing the roles expected by each member of the family can lead to ______ and _______

  2. List five main roles of the mother at home.

  3. List three roles of the male child at home.


Class:- Basic 4

Subject:- Civic Education

Week:- 3

Topic: Civic Values

Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to state the meaning if civic values and examples

Instructional material/Reference material:- Macmillian Civic Education for primary school book 4

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students are familiar with the examples of civic value such as obedience

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