HOME ECONOMICS PRIMARY SIX (6) THIRD TERM LESSON PLAN AND SCHEME OF WORK

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HOME ECONOMICS PRIMARY SIX (6) THIRD TERM LESSON PLAN AND SCHEME OF WORK

HOME ECONOMICS PRIMARY SIX (6) THIRD TERM LESSON PLAN AND SCHEME OF WORK

PRIMARY 6

WEEK 1 

TOPIC: THE SEWING MACHINE 

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

  1. Types of Sewing Machine

  2. Parts of A Sewing Machine

  3. Functions of Each Parts of Sewing Machine

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

  1. Mention types of sewing machines;

  2. Identity parts of a sewing machine;

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

a sewing machine, a labelled diagram of a sewing machine.

 REFERENCE MATERIALS

. Scheme of Work

. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

 All Relevant Material

. Online Information

 CONTENT OF THE LESSON

INTRODUCTION 

A sewing machine is a machine used to stitch fabric and other materials together with thread.

Sewing machines were invented during the first Industrial revolution to decrease the amount of manual sewing work performed in clothing companies.

 

 

TYPES OF SEWING MACHINE

  1. Handy Sewing Machine 

Handy Stitch is also known as the portable hand-held sewing machine.

It is great for quick repairs or jobs that conventional desktop machines can not handle, like sewing curtains while on the rod, or mending a torn pocket without having to remove your pants.

  1. Mechanical Sewing Machine

These machines are also called as manual machines/tailoring machine/treadle sewing machine/domestic sewing machines where the basic settings are done manually by the user.

These machines are best suitable for the beginners who want to learn sewing from basics.

  1. Electronic Sewing Machine

Electronic sewing machines have more features than a mechanical sewing machine.These sewing machines are the combination of mechanical sewing machine and computerized sewing machine.

  1. Computerized or Automated Sewing Machine

Computerized Sewing Machines are high technology sewing machines which can be connected to the internet, computer or design loaded cards.

These machines are best suitable for industrial purpose.

  1. Embroidery Machine

Embroidery machines are meant for designing different patterns of embroidery on the fabric.

PARTS OF SEWING MACHINE

Head

Teeth

Wheel

Bobbin

Reeler

 

 ADVANTAGES OF THE SEWING MACHINE

  1. It makes sewing to be easier and faster.

  2. It makes the work to be neat.

  FUNCTIONS OF THE PARTS OF THE SEWING MACHINE

  1. Spool pin

The main function of spool pin is to hold the spool of thread.

  1. Bobbin binder spindle

During winding, bobbin is placed here.

  1. Bobbin winder stopper

When bobbin reaches its optimum capacity then bobbin winder stopper stops the bobbin winding.

  1. Stitch width dial

The main object of stitch width dial is to control the zigzag stitch.

  1. Pattern selector dial

Pattern selector dial is to set the symbol of the desired stitch pattern.

  1. Hand wheel

Hand wheel is used to raise and lower the need, which is situated in the right side of the machine.

  1. Stitch length dial

Stitch length dial is used to control the length of the stitch.

  1. Reverse stitch lever

The machine will sew in the reverse while the lever is pushed.

  1. Power switch

Power switch means the off-on office of the sewing machine. Normally power switch is located at the right side of the machine.

  1. Bobbin winder thread guide

These types of thread guide are used during bobbin winding.

 

 

  1. Thread tension dial

Thread tension dial is used to control the tension on the top thread.

  1. Thread take-up lever

During sewing the top thread passes through the thread take-up lever. Thread take-up lever moves up and down with the needle.

  1. Needle clamp screw

Needle clamp screw holds the needle in its actual place.

  1. Presser foot

Presser foot holds the fabric in its definite place.

  1. Bobbin cover

During sewing bobbin cover protects and covers the bobbin holder.

  1. Bobbin cover release button

This type of button is used to release the cover for entrance to the bobbin.

  1. Feed dog

During sewing, feed dog pulls the fabric in forward.

  1. Needle

Needle is used to form a stitch in the garments.

  1. Needle plate

Needle plate is a metal plate which is situated under the needle and presser foot. It helps to move the fabric forward during sewing. 

PRESENTATION

Step 1: Teacher revised the  previous topic

Step 2: Teacher introduces the new topic

Step 3: Teacher explains the new topic

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils questions

Step5: Teacher evaluates the pupils

Wrap- up (conclusion): Teacher goes over the topic ones again for better understanding

 EVALUATION/ASSIGNMENT 

Pupils to:

  1. Identity two kinds of sewing machine;

  2. State three differences between hand and treadle sewing machine;

  3. Mention four parts of a sewing machine.

  4. State the functions of the parts of the sewing machine mentioned in 3 above.

 

 

 

 

WEEK 2 

 

TOPIC: THE SEWING MACHINE 

LEARNING AREA

Uses and Cares for the Sewing Machines

 PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

  1. Explain how to use and care for the sewing machine.

  2. State two ways of caring for sewing machine.

  3. Demonstrate the uses of a sewing machine.

  4. Oil and sun the machine to remove fluffs.

  5. Demonstrate how to pack and store a sewing machine. 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

a sewing machine

sewing machine engine oil

different pack for sewing machine tools.

 REFERENCE MATERIALS

 Scheme of Work

. All Relevant Material

Online Information

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

INTRODUCTION 

A sewing machine is a machine used to stitch fabric and other materials together with thread.

Sewing machines can be exciting but also totally overwhelming when you don’t know how to use the machine!In sewing, the first place to start is how to use a sewing machine!

HOW TO USE SEW SEWING MACHINE

  1. Select a straight stitch and a medium stitch length.

A straight stitch is used to sew most seams.

  1. Practice on some scrap material.

  2. Line up the fabric under the needle.

  3. Lower the presser foot onto the fabric.

  4. Hold the loose ends of both threads.

  5. Press the foot pedal.

  6. Find the reverse button or lever and try it.

  7. Use the hand wheel to move the needle to its highest position.

  8. Cut the thread.

  9. Practice sewing a seam.

  10. Move to another part of the fabric.

  11. Learn to sew a sharp corner.

  12. Try a simple project.

 – CARES FOR THE SEWING MACHINES 

  1. Always keep the sewing machine covered.

  2. Change the needles when necessary.

  3. Always use compressed air to remove the lint.

  4. Always service the sewing machine as when due.

  5. Oiling the sewing machine from time to time.

  6. Call for experienced professional for repairing the sewing machine.

  7. Clean each parts of the sewing machine at a time.

  8. Wipe down the sewing machine after use.

 PRESENTATION

Step 1: Teacher revised the  previous topic

Step 2: Teacher introduces the new topic

Step 3: Teacher explains the new topic

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils questions

Step5: Teacher evaluates the pupils

Wrap- up (conclusion): Teacher goes over the topic ones again for better understanding

 EVALUATION/ASSIGNMENT

Pupils to:

  1. Identity two kinds of sewing machine;

  2. State three differences between hand and treadle sewing machine;

  3. Mention four parts of a sewing machine.

  4. State the functions of the parts of the sewing machine mentioned in 3 above.

 LESSON EVALUATION/ASSIGNMENT 

Pupils to:

use and care for the sewing machine.

 

 

 

WEEK 3

 

TOPIC: THE SEWING MACHINE 

LEARNING AREA

  1. Sewing Measuring Tools

  2. Taking Measurements

  PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES       

  1. explain measuring tools.

  2. identify measuring tools.

  3. take body measurement accurately. 

 INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

Tape, measurement, stick, tailors chalk, pencil, brown paper, fabric, e.g. calico;

A chart showing body measurements; Finished articles sewing tools/equipment.

 REFERENCE MATERIALS

Scheme of Work

 All Relevant Material

Online Information

   CONTENT OF THE LESSON 

 INTRODUCTION

Measuring Tools are tools used for patterns and body measurements to ensure accuracy and good outfits.

It is important and professional take accurate measurements in order to ensure good outfits. For accurate measurements, the following sewing measuring tools are used.

 SEWING MEASURING TOOLS

Measuring and sewing tools for body measurement and garment construction –

  1. Tape measure

  2. Tailor’s chalk

  3. Ruler

  4. Scissor

  5. Cutting board/table

  6. Pin cushion

  7. Pins

  8. Needle

  9. Flat iron

  10. Ironing board, etc.

 TAKING MALE AND WOMAN BODY MEASUREMENTS

Men’s Sizing Charts

Parts of the body to be measured –

  1. Chest

Take measurement up under the arms and around chest.

  1. Sleeves

Measure from the base of the neck, across shoulder, down arm to slightly bent elbow and up to wrist. 

  1. Waist

Measure circumference at the narrowest part.

  1. Hips

Measure at the fullest point, standing with feet together.

  1. Hats

Measure around the largest part of the head.

  1. Gloves and mitts

On adult gloves and mitts, your hand circumference in inches equals glove size. Measure around a flat hand at the knuckles; do not include thumb.

  1. Full length 

 

 Women’s Sizing Charts

Parts of the body to be measured –

  1. Bust

Measure all the way around your bust and back on the   line of your nipples.

  1. Chest

Measure directly under your breasts, as high up as possible.

  1. Waist

Measure at its narrowest point width-wise, usually just above the navel.

  1. Hips

Measure around the widest part of the hipbones. 

  1. Midway

Measure midway between the widest part of your hips and your waist.

  1. Thighs

Measure around fullest part of upper leg while standing.

  1. Knees

Measure immediately above the knee.

  1. Calves

Measure around fullest part.

  1. Upper arm

Measure above your elbows – around fullest part.

  1. Forearms

Measure below your elbows – around fullest part.

  1. Full length  

 PRESENTATION

Step 1: Teacher revised the  previous topic

Step 2: Teacher introduces the new topic

Step 3: Teacher explains the new topic

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils questions

Step5: Teacher evaluates the pupils

Wrap- up (conclusion): Teacher goes over the topic ones again for better understanding

 EVALUATION/ASSIGNMENT

  1. Mention four measuring tools;

  2. Name five parts of the body to be measured for clothing construction.

  3. Take accurate measurements of male and female.

Lesson Notes

Primary School lesson notes, all subjects.

Lesson notes

Lesson  notes and plan for secondary schools

Question Bank

Question bank for primary

Question Bank

Question Bank for Secondary School

work sheet

Worksheet for all levels

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