Lesson Notes / Scheme of work

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Primary 4 |  Primary 5Primary 6



Question Bank

Primary 1 |  Primary 2  |Primary3

Primary 4  | Primary5 Primary6










  1. Other people in the family
  2. Unity in cultural Diversity
  3. Processes of changing culture and difference
  4. Marriage customs and practices


  1. Roles played by families – a consequence, prevention


  1. Responsible Parenthood
  2. Problems of parenthood STIs/STDS/AIDS


  1. Traditional marriage














































  1. Modern marriage
  2. Religion and religious belief
  3. Controlling religious intolerance development
  4. Role of religious bodies in development
  5. Revision and Examination






Topic: Family


Subtitle: Nuclear and extended Family


Learning Objectives: At the end of this this lesson, pupils should be able to:


  1. Define family


  1. State the members of a family


  1. Differentiate between nuclear and extended family




Resources and materials:


Scheme of work


Online information


Instructional material: picture chart


Building Background/connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with numbers in hundred, tens and units from their previous classes.




Meaning and members of a nuclear family


A family is defined as a group of people that are related by blood, marriage, or by adoption. Everybody in society belongs to one family or another; family can be small or big.


We know that a family is a group of people related by blood, marriage, or social relationship. We also know that our family is made up of ourselves, our father, our mother, our brothers, and our sisters. The blood relations of our father and mother are also members of our family. They are part of the extended family. They have their own families, but some of them live with our family for some time.

Our grandparents (grandfathers and grandmothers) sometimes visit us, and may want to stay around for a while. We should respect them, go on errands for them, and help to make them comfortable. They are the parents of our parents. As a result, we should give them more respect. Sometimes, other people who are not our blood relations live in our house. Anybody who lives in our house is a member of our family. We should live happily with them. We should not refuse to play or associate with them, because they are not our relations.



There are two types of family; they are:

1 Nuclear family

2 Extended family

Nuclear family


A nuclear family is a simple family made up of a father, a mother, and their children. In other words, the nuclear family can also be referred to as an immediate family. The members of a nuclear family are the father, mother, sons, and daughters.

A nuclear family

Extended family


An extended family refers to all the people that are related by bloodthrough one’s father or mother. It is made up of many nuclear families.

The members of an extended family include:


1 Uncle: The brother of one’s mother or father

2 Aunt: The sister of one’s mother or father


3 Nephew: The son of one’s brother or sister

4 Niece: The daughter of one’s brother or sister

5 Paternal grandfather: The father of one’s father

6 Paternal grandmother: The mother of one’s father

7 Maternal grandfather: The father of one’s mother

8 Maternal grandmother: The mother of one’s mother

  • Father–in–law: Father of one’s husband or wife
  • Mother–in–law: Mother of one’s husband or wife.


When our relations like uncles, aunts, and cousins are from our mother’s side they are known as maternal relations, but when they are from our father’s side, they are known as paternal relations.

Assessment & Evaluation:


  1. Define family


  1. State two difference between nuclear and extended family


WRAP UP(CONCLUSION) Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.




  1. Relations from mother’s side are known as




  1. state six members of the nuclear family


  1. Your father’s brother is called…………………………………………







Week 2-3


Topic: Cultural diversity


Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to


  1. Explain the words: culture, diversity and unity.


  1. Explain in simple terms what unity in cultural diversity means.


  1. Give examples of different ways of promoting unity in cultural diversity in our community


Instructional materials


Different kind of Charts and references materials


Scheme of work


And other relevant materials


6 years basic Education curriculum


Online information


Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes




Culture is the total way of life of a group of people. It includes language, mode of dressing, way of greeting, music and dances, religious festivals and farming techniques. Diversity refers to a variety or wide range of culture. Unity, on the other hand, refers to oneness. Unity in cultural diversity, therefore, refers to oneness, in spite of the differences in culture, i.e. customs, traditions and languages.


















Customs and traditions in the community



Nigeria is a country of many cultures. Each of the many ethnic groups in Nigeria has a different culture. For instance, in Edo and Delta states alone, there are more than ten ethnic groups with different cultures, although certain things are common to all of them.



Differences in customs and traditions


The way of life of Nigerians is similar in many ways, but some differences can be seen among the different cultures. These differences include the following:


1 Language: Each ethnic group has its own language. For instance, the Fulani speak Fulfulde, while the Yoruba speak Yoruba.


2 Dressing: The Igbo men wear long shirts on trousers. Agbada and Buba are two of the traditional clothes of Yoruba men. Many Hausa men wear long white clothes, while the Urhobo prefer brightly colored clothes.















3 Music and dance: There are various types of drums all over Nigeria. These include the Yoruba talking drums and the Hausa kannago. Apala music is traditional music of the Yoruba. Udje and opiri are two types of music in Urhoboland. The Edo people play ema music.


















Music and dance go together. For example, Atilogwu dance and Nkwa umu agbogho dance among the Igbo are very important. Drums and music are played on important occasions only, and not just for mere entertainment. These occasions include funeral, marriage and coronation ceremonies










4 Body beautification: Facial and other body marks differ from one place to another. By looking at the marks on someone’s face, one can tell the family or ethnic group of that person. For instance, three straight marks, on each cheek, identify the Oyo people. Also, hairstyles, especially among women, show differences from place to place.


















5 Works of art: Local weaving, carving, sculpture, smiting, pottery and painting vary from place to place. For example, calabash carving in Yoruba land differs from calabash carving in Hausa land. Kano city is famous for leather works.





Lesson Notes

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