SOCIAL STUDIES SECOND TERM PRIMARY 4 LESSON NOTES / SCHEME OF WORK

Lesson Notes / Scheme of work

Primary 1  |  Primary 2Primary 3

Primary 4 |  Primary 5Primary 6

JSS1JSS2  | JSS3

SSS1SSS2  |  SSS3

Question Bank

Primary 1 |  Primary 2  |Primary3

Primary 4  | Primary5 Primary6

JSS1JSS2 |  JSS3

SSS1SSS2  |  SSS3

SOCIAL STUDIES SECOND TERM PRIMARY 4 LESSON NOTES / SCHEME OF WORK

PRIMARY 4

WKS TOPICS

  1. Citizenship

  2. Right of a citizen

  3. The concept of government

  4. The concept of local Government

  5. Problems of local government and suggestion and Solution

  6. The concept of State Government

  7. Separation of power and functions

  8. Division of labor

  9. Why division of labor is necessary in Agricultural Industry

  10. Savings

  11. Employment

  12. Natural Reno

 

WEEK 1

TOPIC: MEANING AND TYPES OF CITIZENSHIP

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to should be able to:

  1. State the meaning of Citizenship.

  2. What qualify a person as citizen?

Resources and materials:

Scheme of work

Online information

Basic social studies Book 4

Instructional material:

 Picture chart

Building Background/connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic from their previous classes.

CONTENT

MEANING OF CITIZENSHIP

Citizenship is the right of being a citizen of a country. A Nigerian citizen is a person whose parents come from Nigeria or obtained Nigerian citizenship by registration or naturalization.

 QUALIFICATION/TYPES OF CITIZENSHIP

  1. Citizen by birth

  2. Citizen by registration

  3. Citizen by naturalization

  RIGHT OF A CITIZEN

The following are right as a citizen

  • Freedom of speech

  • Freedom of worship

  • Freedom of movement

Assessment & Evaluation:

  1. State the meaning of Citizenship.

  2. What qualify a person as citizen?

WRAP UP (CONCLUSION) Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.

Assignment:

  1. What is a citizen?

  2. How many types of citizenship we have

  3. __________________, __________________ and __________________ are types of citizenship.

 

WEEK 2

TOPIC: RIGHTS OF A CITIZEN

 PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to should be able to state the rights of a citizen.

  1. State the meaning of Citizenship.

  2. What qualify a person as citizen?\

  3. State the right of a citizen.

Resources and materials:

Scheme of work

Online information

Basic social studies Book 4

Instructional material:

 Picture chart

Building Background/connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic from their previous classes.

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

INTRODUCTION

Every Nigerian has rights, duties and privileges, which are provided for in the hundreds of laws that exist in Nigeria.

These rights are contained in Chapter IV of the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, and are officially known as Fundamental Rights.

RIGHTS OF A CITIZEN

  1. Freedom of speech

  2. Freedom of worship

  3. Freedom of movement

  4. Right to life

  5. Right to dignity

  6. Right person liberty

  7. Right to fair hearing

Assessment & Evaluation:

  1. State the meaning of Citizenship.

  2. What qualify a person as citizen?\

  3. State the right of a citizen.

WRAP UP (CONCLUSION) Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.

Assignment:

Pupils to mention 3 rights of a citizen.

 

 Week3

Topic: Government

Subtopic: Types of Government

Behavioral Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

1 list the main services the government provides for the people.

2 identify the standard of government services.

3 explain how population increase affects the distribution of amenities.

4 state why government is unable to provide essential services.

5 list the ways in which people can assist government to provide certain services

Resources and materials:

Scheme of work

Online information

Basic social studies Book 4

Instructional material:

 Picture chart

Building Background/connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic from their previous classes.

Content

We defined government as the group of people given power and authority to make, interpret and execute the laws in society. There are three levels of government in Nigeria: the federal government, the state government, and the local government. Each of these governments has its own duties. You already know some of the duties of local and state governments. We shall now find out more, as well as the duties of the federal government to its people. One of the most important services the government provides for us is education.

TYPES OF GOVERNMENT

  • Federal government

  • State government

  • Local government

ARMS OF GOVERNMENT

  • The Executive

  • The Legislature

  • The Judiciary

 Qualities of a good government for a government to be acceptable to the people, such a government are expected to have certain qualities and standards, which meet the expectations of the people. Such qualities include the following:

1 Honesty: A government that does not cheat people, steals or lies, is said to be honest and generally accepted by the people.

2 Accountability: A government that does not do things in secret, but explains things to people without hiding anything, is a good government. A government that spends public money wisely, and uses such money to provide for people’s needs without stealing such money is also a good government. It is said to be accountable to the people.

3 Transparency: A transparent government is honest, upright and responsible. It is ready to be criticized by the people, and ready to fulfill the will of the people.

Assessment & Evaluation:

1 list the main services the government provides for the people.

2 identify the standard of government services.

3 explain how population increase affects the distribution of amenities.

4 state why government is unable to provide essential services.

5 list the ways in which people can assist government to provide certain services

WRAP UP (CONCLUSION) Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.

Assignment:        

1 list four main services the government provides for the people.

2 identify the standard of government services.

3 explain how population increase affects the distribution of amenities.

4 state why government is unable to provide essential services.

5 list four ways in which people can assist government to provide certain services

 

Week 4        

Topic: The concept of local Government

Behavioral Objectives: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to

  1. Define local government

  2. State the concept of local government.

Resources and materials:

Scheme of work

Online information

Basic social studies Book 4

Instructional material:

 Picture chart

Building Background/connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic from their previous classes.

Content

DEFINING A LOCAL GOVERNMENT

 Local government is the third level of government in Nigeria. It is the government that controls the public affair at the local community (grassroots) level. It is the government that is close to the people because people in the locality air their views to through the counselor,. Deputy Chairman and the chairman.

Local government is a product of devolution as a dimension of decentralization.

A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. The term is used to contrast with offices at state level, which are referred to as the central government, national government, or (where appropriate) federal government and also to supranational government which deals with governing institutions between states. Local governments generally act within powers delegated to them by legislation or directives of the higher level of government. In federal states, local government generally comprises the third (or sometimes fourth) tier of government, whereas in unitary states, local government usually occupies the second or third tier of government, often with greater powers than higher-level administrative divisions.

FUNCTION OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT

The functions of a local government council shall include participation of such council in the Government of a State as respects the following matters –

(a) The provision and maintenance of primary, adult and vocational education;

(b) The development of agriculture and natural resources, other than the exploitation of materials

(c) The provision and maintenance of health services; and

(d) Such other functions as may be conferred on a local government council by the House of Assembly of the State.

(e) They grade and tar roads in their areas

(F) They provide good primary education for children.

(g) They encourage farmers to produce more food for the people.

(h) Organizing adult education program

(I) provision of marriage registry

IMPORTANCE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT TO THE PEOPLE.

  • To develop every part of the local government area

  • It brings the government closer to the people

  • To engage people in the local community to be involved in the running of the government.

  • To protect the culture of the people

  • To care for the need of the people in the local government area like provision of health center, good education.

  • Collects taxes and rates for the development of amenities.

  • Maintain law and ordering the local government.

Assessment & Evaluation:

  1. Define local government

  2. State the concept of local government.

WRAP UP (CONCLUSION) Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.

Assignment:        

  1. Define local government

  2. State the functions of the list call government

  3. State five importance of the local government

 

 

Week 5

Topic: Problems of local government and suggestion and Solution

Behavioral Objectives: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to

  1. List five problems faced by the local government

  2. State the solution to the problem faced by the local government

Resources and materials:

Scheme of work

Online information

Basic social studies Book 4

Instructional material:

 Picture chart

Building Background/connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic from their previous classes.

Content

Problems of Local Government

Problems encountered by local government authorities

1 Inadequate fund: The money given to local governments by the federal government is often too small and not sufficient to solve some of the problems facing the local government.

2 Limited authority and power: The local government does not have power and authority on many issues. It can only solve local, community problems and does not undertake large projects that require a lot of money.

3 Corruption: Despite the insufficient funds given to local government, they are still corrupt. Some of the workers collect bribe and steal money meant for developing the local government area.

4 Lack of dedication to work: Some local government workers do not put their full effort into their jobs. They come late to work. This makes the local government not effective.

5 Inability to maintain law and order: Sometimes when there are communal clashes and riots, the local government authorities are not able to work with the police to restore peace and order. This mainly is because the police is not under the control of the local government.

Solutions to problems of the local government

1 More money should be made available to the local government to enable it develop the communities.

2 The local government should be given more power so that it can solve more problems for the people.

3 Corrupt and lazy workers of the local government must be found out and punished by government.

4 Local government activities must be made known to the people so that the people can monitor their progress, and cooperate towards success.

5 The local government should get closer to the people and know their problems so that they can solve them

Assessment & Evaluation:

  1. List five problems faced by the local government

  2. State the solution to the problem faced by the local government

WRAP UP (CONCLUSION) Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.

Assignment:        

  1. List five problems faced by the local government

2. State the solution to the problem faced by the local government

Lesson Notes

Primary School lesson notes, all subjects.

Lesson notes

Lesson  notes and plan for secondary schools

Question Bank

Question bank for primary

Question Bank

Question Bank for Secondary School

work sheet

Worksheet for all levels

If you need all the content at an affordable price (N500) ONLY, feel free to contact us.

+2348039740135 : whatsapp

Are you a school owner or a teacher,

Click the image below to join Teachers’ Connect to learn more…

 

YOUR COMMENTS ARE WELCOME

You cannot copy content of this page

error: Content is protected !!
Advertise with us